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H. B. No. 106 As IntroducedAs Introduced
|129th General Assembly|
Representatives Antonio, Burke, Clyde, Fedor, Foley, Letson, Milkovich, Murray, O'Brien, Patmon, Phillips, Reece, Williams, Yuko
To amend section 5321.01 and to enact section 5321.20
of the Revised Code to enable members of the armed
services and the Ohio National Guard to terminate
a rental agreement when the member receives
military orders to deploy or for a permanent
change of station.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE STATE OF OHIO:
Section 1. That section 5321.01 be amended and section
5321.20 of the Revised Code be enacted to read as follows:
Sec. 5321.01. As used in this chapter:
(A) "Tenant" means a person entitled under a rental agreement
to the use and occupancy of residential premises to the exclusion
(B) "Landlord" means the owner, lessor, or sublessor of
residential premises, the agent of the owner, lessor, or
sublessor, or any person authorized by the owner, lessor, or
sublessor to manage the premises or to receive rent from a tenant
under a rental agreement.
(C) "Residential premises" means a dwelling unit for
residential use and occupancy and the structure of which it is a
part, the facilities and appurtenances in it, and the grounds,
areas, and facilities for the use of tenants generally or the use
of which is promised the tenant. "Residential premises" includes a
dwelling unit that is owned or operated by a college or
university. "Residential premises" does not include any of the
(1) Prisons, jails, workhouses, and other places of
incarceration or correction, including, but not limited to,
halfway houses or residential arrangements that are used or
occupied as a requirement of a community control sanction, a
post-release control sanction, or parole;
(2) Hospitals and similar institutions with the primary
purpose of providing medical services, and homes licensed pursuant
to Chapter 3721. of the Revised Code;
(3) Tourist homes, hotels, motels, recreational vehicle
parks, recreation camps, combined park-camps, temporary
park-camps, and other similar facilities where circumstances
indicate a transient occupancy;
(4) Elementary and secondary boarding schools, where the cost
of room and board is included as part of the cost of tuition;
(5) Orphanages and similar institutions;
(6) Farm residences furnished in connection with the rental
of land of a minimum of two acres for production of agricultural
products by one or more of the occupants;
(7) Dwelling units subject to sections 3733.41 to 3733.49 of
the Revised Code;
(8) Occupancy by an owner of a condominium unit;
(9) Occupancy in a facility licensed as an SRO facility
pursuant to Chapter 3731. of the Revised Code, if the facility is
owned or operated by an organization that is exempt from taxation
under section 501(c)(3) of the "Internal Revenue Code of 1986,"
100 Stat. 2085, 26 U.S.C.A. 501, as amended, or by an entity or
group of entities in which such an organization has a controlling
interest, and if either of the following applies:
(a) The occupancy is for a period of less than sixty days.
(b) The occupancy is for participation in a program operated
by the facility, or by a public entity or private charitable
organization pursuant to a contract with the facility, to provide
either of the following:
(i) Services licensed, certified, registered, or approved by
a governmental agency or private accrediting organization for the
rehabilitation of mentally ill persons, developmentally disabled
persons, adults or juveniles convicted of criminal offenses, or
persons suffering from substance abuse;
(ii) Shelter for juvenile runaways, victims of domestic
violence, or homeless persons.
(10) Emergency shelters operated by organizations exempt from
federal income taxation under section 501(c)(3) of the "Internal
Revenue Code of 1986," 100 Stat. 2085, 26 U.S.C.A. 501, as
amended, for persons whose circumstances indicate a transient
occupancy, including homeless people, victims of domestic
violence, and juvenile runaways.
(D) "Rental agreement" means any agreement or lease, written
or oral, which establishes or modifies the terms, conditions,
rules, or any other provisions concerning the use and occupancy of
residential premises by one of the parties.
(E) "Security deposit" means any deposit of money or property
to secure performance by the tenant under a rental agreement.
(F) "Dwelling unit" means a structure or the part of a
structure that is used as a home, residence, or sleeping place by
one person who maintains a household or by two or more persons who
maintain a common household.
(G) "Controlled substance" has the same meaning as in section
3719.01 of the Revised Code.
(H) "Student tenant" means a person who occupies a dwelling
unit owned or operated by the college or university at which the
person is a student, and who has a rental agreement that is
contingent upon the person's status as a student.
(I) "Recreational vehicle park," "recreation camp," "combined
park-camp," and "temporary park-camp" have the same meanings as in
section 3729.01 of the Revised Code.
(J) "Community control sanction" has the same meaning as in
section 2929.01 of the Revised Code.
(K) "Post-release control sanction" has the same meaning as
in section 2967.01 of the Revised Code.
(L) "School premises" has the same meaning as in section
2925.01 of the Revised Code.
(M) "Sexually oriented offense" and "child-victim oriented
offense" have the same meanings as in section 2950.01 of the
(N) "Preschool or child day-care center premises" has the
same meaning as in section 2950.034 of the Revised Code.
(O) "Active duty" means duty that is in response to military
orders to deploy with a military unit or as an individual in
support of a military operation, for a period of not less than
ninety days. The military orders may be in response to an
executive order of the President of the United States, an act of
the congress of the United States, or an order of the governor.
When associated with these military orders, "active duty" includes
full-time training, training at a school designated as a service
school by law or by the secretary of the military department
concerned, and full-time national guard duty.
(P) "Service member" means a member of the armed forces or
reserve forces of the United States or a member of the Ohio
(Q) "Military orders" means official military orders or any
notification, certification, or verification from the service
member's commanding officer with respect to the service member's
current or future military duty status.
Sec. 5321.20. (A) A tenant who is a service member may, at
the tenant's option, terminate a rental agreement at any time
after the tenant receives military orders that require the tenant
to do either of the following:
(1) Relocate due to a permanent change of station;
(2) Deploy on active duty with a military unit, or as a
person in support of a military operation, for a period of not
less than ninety days.
(B) To terminate a rental agreement pursuant to this section,
the tenant shall deliver a written notice of the termination,
along with a copy of the military orders, to the landlord at the
address where rent normally is paid. The delivery may be in person
or sent by United States mail, return receipt requested, to that
(C) The termination of a rental agreement pursuant to this
section is effective as follows:
(1) In the case of a month-to-month rental agreement, thirty
days after the date on which the next rental payment is due;
(2) In the case of any other rental agreement, on the last
day of the month that follows the month in which the notice is
(D)(1) The tenant shall pay on a prorated basis any rent that
is due for the period preceding the effective termination date of
the rental agreement.
(2) The landlord shall refund within thirty days after the
effective termination date any rental amounts that the tenant paid
in advance for any period that is after the effective termination
date of the rental agreement.
(3) The landlord shall return to the tenant any deposit and
other amounts due to the tenant as this chapter requires, as if
the rental agreement ended on the effective termination date
pursuant to its own terms.
(E) The early termination of a rental agreement pursuant to
this section is deemed to be a termination pursuant to the terms
of the rental agreement and the early termination may not be used
as a basis to withhold a security deposit or other amounts due the
tenant. A landlord may withhold amounts for actual damages in the
same manner and for the same reasons as this chapter permits for
rental agreements that expire pursuant to their own terms.
(F)(1) If a landlord violates this section, the tenant may
recover double damages resulting from that violation and may
recover reasonable attorney's fees.
(2) A tenant who terminates the rental agreement due to
deployment may file for damages at any time prior to ninety days
following the tenant's return from deployment or at any later time
as otherwise provided by law.
Section 2. That existing section 5321.01 of the Revised Code
is hereby repealed.