Organizational Chart of Ohio's State Government
Ohio's state government
contains three branches: executive, legislative and judicial.
branch includes the Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Secretary of State,
Auditor of State, Attorney General, Treasurer of State, State Board of
Education and the Governor's Cabinet. The Cabinet members serve as directors
for the many state agencies and are appointed by the Governor.
The Legislative branch
consists of the House of Representatives and the Senate. Together, these
bodies are referred to as "The General Assembly." Ohio's House of Representatives
has 99 members; the Senate has 33. The Legislative
Service Commission, a staff of trained legal experts and personnel,
drafts proposals for new laws and law changes, is one of several legislative
agencies that are also part of the Legislative branch of Ohio's state
branch comprises the Ohio Supreme Court; numerous judiciary bodies--including
12 courts of appeals, courts of common pleas in each county, municipal
courts, and many county courts; and the Court of Claims.
Creating new laws and changing
old ones is one of the most important functions of state government. Any
proposal for a new law or for changing an existing law must begin as a
bill in Ohio's General Assembly.
Most bills require
a majority vote in both the Senate and the House of Representatives to
pass. Emergency measures require a two-thirds majority; constitutional
amendments must receive a three-fifths majority to be placed before the
voters. If a bill passes in both chambers, it is then presented to the
Governor to be signed.
The Governor has 10
days to sign or veto a bill. If signed, the bill becomes law. If vetoed,
the bill is sent back to the General Assembly. At this point the bill
can only become law if at least three-fifths of the legislators vote to
override the Governor's veto. A bill can also become law if the Governor
fails to take any action on it within 10 days.
Text on this page from the Ohio Defined published by the Secretary of State's office.